Millenium Development Goal

Reach the Millenium Goals

Imagine This

In a couple of months it will be ten years since many countries came together and brought out what was later termed the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which are in effect supposed to be achieved by the year 2015. These goals, eight of them, included: To End Poverty and Hunger, Universal Education, Gender Equality, Child Health, Maternal Health, Combat HIV/AIDS, Ensure Environmental Sustainability and Global Partnership. The world’s richer countries at this Millennium convention at Gleneagles made promises on reducing the debts of poor countries, boosting aid flows and creating a fairer trade system thereby improving globalization and increasing opportunities for developing countries.

In partnership with the world’s biggest organizations such as the UNAID, FAO, ILO, IFAD, WHO, UNDESA, UNIFEM, WFP, UN-HABITAT, IMF, UNICEF, UNDG, World Bank and others, projects have been initiated and implemented in various parts of the world towards achieving these goals. Yes after the talking and policies, decisions and all kinds of stuff in the name of the MDGs. The million dollar question at this point, as the countdown to 2015 is just barely five years from now is that

Are We Capable Of Reaching These Objectives By The Date? 

The first thing to do at this point is to make an evaluation of what has been done  so far. In the agenda of the 64th session on the follow up to the MDGs of the UN the Secretary in his speech spoke lengthily on the importance of the MDGs which accordingly are a guideline for country policies to be able to ensure the proactive status of the global problems at local levels. He outlined the successes and the shortcomings of the various targets and achievements so far. It will be of our own interest to look at this in detail.

Goal 1: End Poverty and Hunger 

When we all look at the global economy, it is but obvious what high food prices, unemployment and low paying jobs, conflicts leading to displacement can do to the poor. It is the global economy and a global problem but the people who suffer more in the event of such problems are the poor!!

Goal 2: Universal Education 

Poverty affects school enrolment, quality of and dispensation of didactic materials in general. This is to say that the expected impact even after governments in the Sub Saharan African countries have made basic education free is not enough to ensure that it is made available and accessible to everyone.

Goal 3: Gender Equality 

It has been established that girls in poor rural areas still need help to be able to stay in school, more to that girls and women are still trapped in insecure low paid jobs because of their status already earmarked as the weaker sex in the developing countries.

Goal 4: Child Health 

Despite the fact that progress has been made, death toll under five years of age still remains terribly and unacceptably high.

Goal 5: Maternal Health 

The increasing rate of High risk pregnancies and death during child birth still continues as there is little progress in saving mother’s lives. There is need for an increase in skilled health workers and the unmet need for family planning undermines other achievements.

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS 

Despite some improvements HIV/AIDS still has a terrible toll in Sub Saharan Africa, there is a steady increase in the number of women living with HIV. Even though ARVs increases life span, there is an urgent need for a cure and there is also an unprecedented increase of children orphaned by the disease. The use of insecticide treated mosquito nets falls short of global targets. New malaria treatments are found effective but underutilized due to many reasons geared towards, accessibility, availability and affordability, the most important part of which should be the means to prevent it in the first place. The possibility of halving tuberculosis prevalence by 2015 is unlikely. How alarming!!!

Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability 

Action needs to be taken to reduce emission of green house gases, increase of endemic species, depletion of fish stocks, water scarcity, increase of sanitation facilities but not accessible enough especially to slum dwellers. It is also indicated that in Sub Saharan Africa almost one in four houses has no sanitation facilities, nearly one billion people have no access to good drinkable water and there is serious labour intensity on women and children who have to go distances to collect water and still take charge of other house chores.

Goal 8: Global Partnership 

Development aid has fallen for the second year on row and market access for most developing countries is still unimproved, the poor availability, accessibility and affordability of drugs in developing countries and the use of internet in some areas of this continent is still lagging behind. Worse to imagine that money spent on domestic agricultural subsidies by the richer countries overshadows money spent on development aid.

 


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